Habitat Sweet Habitat: Guinea Pig

Setting up a habitat for your new guinea pig? Here’s what you need to know.

Choosing a Habitat

  • Guinea pigs are social and can be housed with another guinea pig of the same gender or their pet parents.
  • Your guinea pig needs a home with a solid floor; it should be large enough for a food dish, water bottle, hay manger and a hiding house. There should be sufficient room for all cage accessories, and for your guinea pig to move around freely.
  • Minimum cage size is 21”x12”x14” and multi-level cages are preferred since they provide additional space for exercising. Multiple guinea pigs require a much larger cage.
  • Your guinea pig’s home should be placed in a cool 65-75°F (18-24°C), low humidity area, out of direct sunlight.

Play & Hide

  •  Your guinea pig’s teeth never stop growing, so your pet requires lots of healthy things to chew on. Excellent choices are treat sticks and chews. Chew toys should be available at all times.
  • A hide house is essential for your guinea pig to feel secure.
  • When outside of their home, guinea pigs enjoy exercise in an excercise pen. Be careful to remove all dangerous objects like electrical cords, houseplants and wood furniture.


  • Guinea pigs enjoy digging, so be sure to provide lots of clean bedding. Line cage with a minimum of 3-4” of bedding.
  • Cedar shavings are not recommended for small pets.
  • Bedding should be spot cleaned weekly and completely changed every other week.

Shopping List

❏ Cage (minimum size 21”x12”x14”); multi-level homes are preferred
❏ Water Bottle
❏ Crock Food Dish/Gravity Feeder
❏ Hay Manger
❏ Hiding/Sleep House
❏ Tunnels/Tubes
❏ Treat Sticks
❏ Chew Toys
❏ Exercise Pen
❏ Fortified Guinea pig Diet supplemented with vitamin C
❏ Hay (appropriate for age)
❏ Guinea pig Treats
❏ Salt Wheel
❏ Vitamin C Drops or Powder
❏ Bedding

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